Tuesday, 22 November 2016

Hydrographic Survey Activities

1. Single Beam Echo Sounders
Echo sounding is a type of SONAR used to determine the depth of water by transmitting sound pulses into water. The time interval between emission and return of a pulse is recorded, which is used to determine the depth of water along with the speed of sound in water at the time. This information is then typically used for navigation purposes or in order to obtain depths for charting purposes

 2. MultiBeam Echo Sounders
A multibeam echosounder is a type of sonar that is used to map the seabed. Like other sonar systems, multibeam systems emit sound waves in a fan shape beneath a ship's hull. The amount of time it takes for the sound waves to bounce off the seabed and return to a receiver is used to determine water depth. Unlike other sonars, multibeam systems use beamforming to extract directional information from the returning soundwaves, producing a swath of depth readings from a single ping.

3. Sub Bottom Profiling Surveys
Sub-bottom profiling systems are employed to identify and characterize layers of sediment or rock under the seabed


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